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 (Meade),

(Meade),

⢮, ᪨ ६ , 1977 .
گ įگ˯ׯ 165
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த. 23 1907 .
᪨ த 㮭, ⢮ , ᥬ ૧ ᫨ ⫨ ( ⢥ ⮭-⥩⮭) . ᭮묨 ।⠬ - 좥-, 稫 ᮮ⢥⢥ 1917 1921 . 1921 1926 ., 뫨 ⨭᪨ ᪨ 모, ࠢ -, थ. 쪮 1928 ., . 襫 ᮧ - 䨫䨨, ⨪ , 砫 ᪨ 㪨.
⨬ 㪠 맢 ' ।', 뢠, ஢ ࠡ ⠭ ਮ , ⠪ ﭨ ' , ᪮쪮 業筮 ⪨, ன '. 뫠 ᫥⥫쭨楩 㣫, ᪮ , ࠧ ⥮, ⢥ত, ᮢ६ 宧⢠ 맢 筮 㯠⥫쭮 ᯮᮡ. । 襭 ஡ 﫮 㢥祭 㯠⥫쭮 ᯮᮡ १ ஫ 業 । '樠쭮 ।' । ॡ⥫. . ᫠ 㣫, ࢠ ࠧࠡ⪥ ⨪, ࠢ 襭 ᪮ ﭨ.
᫥ 祭 1930 . ⥯ . ࠭ 童 - ᪮ 㭨, த 祡 祭 . 稢 ᮭ ਣ襭 ਭ- ਤ᪮ 㭨 祭 ⥫쭮 , . ६ ᯮ짮 㯯 ⮢, ஧ 'મ'. 㯯 室 ᮭ, , , ⨭ ᮭ. 㯯 砫 म ᮬ, 㦤 , 筮 맢  ' ⥮ , 業 ' ("The General Theory oy Employment, Interest, and Money", 1936). '⥫㠫쭮 ⢮, - ᯮ ., -  ᠬ 騬 '.
1931 . - ⢥ 童 ᪨ ஡, . த ন 裡 ᨠ᪨ ॢ樮ࠬ ᪮ ⥮ਨ. 1936 . 㡫 ' ᪨ ⨪' ("An Introduction to Economic Analysis and Policy"), ⠢ 祡, ᮤঠ ⪠ ⥬⨧஢ ⥮ਨ . ࠭騩 ஡ ࠡ ⠭ ᮬ 㭠த ஡ ਭ 1937 . । 㯨 ࠡ ਠ 権 . ⢥ । '஢ ᪮ ' ("World Economic Survey") த 믮 ᫥⥫᪮ ணࠬ, ⮩ ⨫ . ⮩ ணࠬ ࠡ⠫ ⥫쭠 㯯 ⮢, । 뫨 ࣥ 﫫 㯬.
᫥ 砫 ன ஢ . 1940 . ࠡ ᪮ ⤥ ⠭᪮ ࠢ⥫⢥ . म 㭮 ⮢ 樠 業 ⮢ 樮쭮 室 ஫⢠. , ࠢ⥫⢥, . ਭ ⨥ ࠧࠡ⪥ ᫥ ᪮ 譥᪮ ⠭. ⮢ ࠢ⥫⢥ 1944 . ⨪ , ன 﫮 易⥫⢮ ਭ ঠ ᫥ ஢ ࠡ. ࠡ⠫ ⠪ ⠢ 㯯 ஡ ன 㭠த 䨭ᮢ ࣮ ⥬ ⥬ ᮧ 㭠த ⭮ 䮭. 㭠த ४樨 ࠧ ᮡ ࠫ쭮 ᮣ襭 䠬 ࣮.
1946 ., १ ᫥ 室 ᪮ ⨨, . 祭 ४஬ ᪮ ⤥ 1947 . ᫥ ⮣ ᪨ , ⠢ ஬ ᪮ 誮 ᫥騥 . ਮ ᠫ ' 㭠த ᪮ ⨪' ("The Theory of International Economic Policy"), ꥬ ⮬ ⮣ 㤠 - '⥦ ' ("The Balance of Payments", 1951) '࣮ ﭨ' ("Trade and Welfare", 1955) - ' ௠ ᥣ ࠧࠧ ஡ 㭠த ⭮襭', ਫ , 㡥, 'ࢮ砫 ᥫ 樮'.
ࠧࠡ뢠 ⥮ਨ 㭠த ࣮, . ⮩ ࠡ ᮥ ᢮ ⥮᪨ ६ ᮧ 䥪⨢ 㬥 ᪮ ⨪. 믮 ⮩ , ᮤঠ騬 '⥦ ', 뫠 ⠪ ⨪, 뫠 ᯮᮡ ᭮ 楫: ७ ᡠ஢ ( ) 譥 ᡠ஢ (ࠢ ⥦ ). ࠧࠡ⠭ ࣥ ਭ樯, 뢠, ⨦ 楫 ॡ ᯮ짮 㬥⮢ ᪮ ⨪. ਬ, ७ 譥 ᡠ஢ ⨣ ⮫쪮 ਬ ᪠쭮 ( ᯥ祭 ), ୮ ( ਢ祭 ⠫ 㭠த ⮪ ⠫) ⨪.
'࣮ ﭨ' . ﭨ 㭠த ࣮ ﭨ ࠭, ᮢ襭묨 ७ᯮᮡ묨 ७ 뭪. , ਡ '⥮ਨ ண ᠬ 襣', , ᫨ ᫮, 室 ⨦ ⨬㬠, ॠ, த ࠢ ᢮ ࣮ ⨢ 㬥 ﭨ. ⮣, 砥 ⠭ ᮪ ࣮ ஢ 襥 ࠣ 襣: ࠭祭 ࣮ ⮬ 砥 ᮤ⢮ 襭 ஢ ᪮ ﭨ. ࠦ ⠪ ., ࠧ 㪠, ਥ஢ ࠪ᪮ ਬ ⨪.
ࠡ '࣮ ﭨ' ⥫쭮 ⥯ ࠫ ' ⥮ ﭨ', ⢥࣠ ⮤ ࠢ, ⨢⠢饣 룮 㣮. 襫 뢮, ⥮ ।⠢ ᮡ १୮ ࠭祭 室 ନ஢ ⨪, ᪮ ⨪ 易⥫쭮 뢠 ࠢ⥫ ࠧ . ⮬ ࠭ ᪮ ࠤ樨, ᮣ᭮ ன ࠢ ࠧ  ࠦ 業 ᪨ ⥫ﬨ 襭 ﭨ ⤥ 㬮. ⢥⢥ ᪮ ⨪ ⮬, ᪮쪮 㦨 饩 , ࠦ 襭 㬬 㬮.
ᠬ 砫 ᢮ ⥫쭮 . ᮢ ᮬ 䥪⨢ ࠢ⢮. ᪮ ᫥ 砭 ன ஢ ᠫ 讥 ﭨ ⢥ , 饭 䥪⨢ ⥬ ᢮ 뭪 ⨪ 㤠⢥ ॣ㫨஢, ᫥ ⠭᪮ . ६ 砫 ⥫ ᫥⢨ ⠫᪮ ⥬, ࠦ騥 । 室. ' ਭ , - ࠢ', - .
३ 1957 . ਤ᪨ 㭨, . த , ।稢 ஡ ७ ᪮ ⨪ । 室. '䥪⨢, ࠢ⢮ ᮡ⢥' ("Efficiency, Equality, and the Ownership of Property", 1964) ।⥫ ᨫ, । ⠫. ⥬ ࠧ '᫥ ࠢ⢠' ("The Inheritance of Inequalities", 1974) 'ࠢ ' ("The Just Economy", 1976). 멤 1974 . , த ⨢ ⥫쭮 ⥮᪨ ᫥, ࠧࠡ⪨ ᪮ ⨪. 1975 . 㡫 '⥢⥫ ࠤ쭮 ⥫ ஡ ᪮ ⨪' ("The Intelligent Radical's Guide to Economic Policy"), ன ࠧ ᢮ '樠᪮ ⥬ 業'. 1975 1977 . ࠢ⥫⢥ , 㡫 1978 . ' ଠ אַ ' ("The Structure and Reform of Direct Taxation").
. ⨫ ࠧ ६ 1977 ., 稢 ' ࢮ室᪨ ⥮ 㭠த ࣮ 㭠த ⠫'. ᢮ १樨 ᪮ ஫᪮ ᮪ 業 १ ஢ . '᫥⢨ ࠧ ᪮ ⨪ 㭠த ࣮ 㭠த ࠧ 㤠' ᮧ '᭮ ᮢ६ ⥮ਨ ⮩ '. ᢮ ᪮ 樨 . ⠢ 㦤 ᫮ ᨬ ⠪ 묨 ᪨ 䠪ࠬ, , ࠡ⭠ , 業 ࠭ .
1933 . . ࣠ ᮭ, ⮣ ࠡ⠫ ᥪ६ ᪮ ⤥ 権. . ⥭ 襩 ⥯ 祫, - ⢨ ᥬ.
.  童 ᪮ 誮 , - - थ, - ਤ᪮ 㭨. 童 죨᪮ ஫᪮ ⢠ ᪮ . ਪ᪮ ᪮ 樠樨 ਪ᪮ 樠樨 ᮤ⢨ ࠧ .
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